What can a driver expect when going in for a drug test?

What are the initial steps of the collection process?

  1. Any DOT alcohol test should be completed, if practicable, before the urine collection begins.
  2. The employee must provide photo identification to the collector. Positive identification by an employer representative (not another employee) is also acceptable.
  3. If the employee asks, the collector must provide identification.
  4. The collector must explain the basic collection procedure and show the employee the instructions on the back of the CCF.
  5. The collector must then direct the employee to remove outer clothing (e.g., coveralls, jacket, coat, hat). These items, plus any briefcases, purses, or personal belongings (employees are allowed to keep their wallets) must be left with the collector or in a mutually agreeable location. If the employee refuses to cooperate with these directions, this is considered a refusal to test.
  6. The collector must direct the employee to empty his/her pockets and to display the items. If nothing can be used to adulterate the specimen, the employee can place the items back in his/her pockets. If there are materials that could be used to tamper with a specimen, the collector must determine if the material appears to be brought in with the intent to alter the specimen.
    1. If the material appears to have been brought in with the intention of altering the specimen, a directly observed collection, using the procedures in Sec. 40.37, should be conducted.
    2. If the materials appear to have been brought inadvertently (e.g., eye drops), the materials should be secured by the collector and a normal collection should proceed.
  7. Collector must instruct the employee NOT to list medications that he/she is taking on CCF.
  8. The collector must complete Step 1 of the CCF.
  9. The collector must instruct the employee to wash and dry his/her hands. The employee cannot have access to water or other materials that could be used to dilute or adulterate the specimen after this point.

What ensures the integrity of the specimen?

  1. The collector or employee must select an individually wrapped or sealed collection container and unwrap/break the seal. This is the only item the employee takes in the room used for urination.
  2. The collector must direct the employee to go into the room used for urination, provide a specimen of at least 45 mL, not flush the toilet, and return the specimen as soon as the employee has completed the void. Except in the case of an observed or monitored collection, no one else may go into the room with the employee.
  3. When the specimen is returned, the collector must make sure that the employee presented at least 45 mL of urine, or proceed with shy bladder procedures.
  4. The collector must check the temperature of the specimen and look for signs of tampering.
  5. The collector must prepare the two specimen bottles in the presence of the employee. After the specimens are sealed, the collector will write the date on the tamper-evident bottle seals and have the driver initial the bottle seals.

What are the final steps of the collection process?

  1. The driver reads and signs the certification statement on Copy 2 (Step 5) of the CCF, providing date of birth, printed name, and day and evening contact.
  2. Step 5 of the CCF will be completed by the collector.
  3. After ensuring legibility of the CCF, the collector will give Copy 5 of the CCF to the driver.
  4. The specimen bottles and Copy 1 of the CCF are placed and secured in the plastic pouches.
  5. The driver is advised that he/she may leave the testing site.