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Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) FAQs

Minimum Wage

The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour, effective July 24, 2009. Note that many states, and even some local governments, have established their own minimum wage. Covered employees would be entitled to whichever wage is higher.

An employer of a tipped employee is required to pay $2.13 an hour in direct wages if that amount plus the tips received equals at least the Federal minimum wage, the employee retains all tips and the employee customarily and regularly receives more than $30 a month in tips. If an employee's tips combined with the employer's direct wages of at least $2.13 an hour do not equal the Federal minimum hourly wage, the employer must make up the difference.

Some states have minimum wage laws specific to tipped employees. When an employee is subject to both the Federal and state wage laws, the employee is entitled to the provisions of each law which provide the greater benefits.

Federal law does not require overtime or extra pay for work on weekend days and holidays.

Employee Pay

Workers are required to receive their wages on the regular payday for the time period worked. State laws generally dictate the frequency of paydays.

Overtime pay is premium or extra money paid to employees for all hours worked over 40 in a workweek. Overtime pay must be at least one and one-half times the regular rate of pay for all overtime hours.

No, vacations, holidays, severance, or sick time are not required. They are fringe benefits which an employer may choose to provide to employees.

The FLSA does not require payment for time not worked, such as vacations, sick leave or holidays (Federal or otherwise). These benefits are matters of agreement between an employer and an employee (or the employee's representative). However, state laws may impose some requirements. For instance, some states consider earned vacation to be a "wage" that is owed to the employee and cannot be denied or taken away once it has been earned (i.e., it would have to be paid out to departing employees).

Under federal law, it is up to the employee and the employer to agree on any of these things which are called "fringe benefits." Sometimes they are offered to full-time workers but not to part-time workers. State laws may require meal periods or breaks, and even restrict employment on certain holidays.


No. Federal law does not require notices or a reason for firing employees.

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