Brake and HOS violations top Roadcheck list

CVSA reports results of annual enforcement campaign

Posted August 24, 2017

During 2017 International Roadcheck (Roadcheck), 23 percent of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) and 4.2 percent of drivers were placed out of service during Level I Inspections.

During the 72-hour inspection campaign, held June 6 to 8, 2017, Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) inspectors performed more than 62,000 North American Standard (NAS) Level I, II, and III roadside inspections throughout Canada and the United States at inspection sites, weigh stations, and roving patrol locations. Of those inspections, approximately 8,000 inspections occurred in Canada and 54,000 in the United States.

Most inspections during Roadcheck were NAS Level I (40,944), which is a comprehensive driver and vehicle inspection. NAS Level II Walk-Around Inspection placed second with 12,787, followed by NAS Level III Driver-Only Inspection with 8,282.

The enforcement initiative offers insight into how the trucking and motorcoach industries are faring.

Top vehicle violations

For all levels of inspection, 19.4 percent of CMVs were placed out of service. The top three out-of-service vehicle violations included:

  1. Brake systems — 26.9 percent
  2. Cargo securement — 15.7 percent
  3. Tires/wheels — 15.1 percent

If you combine brake adjustment and brake system violations, it accounts for 41.4 percent of all out-of-service vehicle violations.

Top driver violations

Out of all the NAS Level I, II, and III inspections, 4.7 percent of all drivers inspected were placed out of service for driver-related violations.

The top three driver-related out-of-service violations included:

  1. Hours of service — 32.3 percent
  2. Wrong class license — 14.9 percent
  3. False log book — 11.3 percent

In addition, there were 710 safety belt violations.

Hazmat stats

Enforcement performed NAS Level I inspections on 2,267 vehicles carrying hazardous materials/dangerous goods. Of those, 12.8 percent were placed out of service for vehicle-related violations and 1.9 percent for driver-related violations.

The top three vehicle out-of-service violations for those transporting hazardous materials/dangerous goods were:

  1. Loading and securement — 40.4 percent
  2. Shipping papers — 22.7 percent
  3. Placarding — 20.8 percent


Far fewer motorcoaches were inspected than other types of CMVs during Roadcheck. CVSA reports 598 motorcoaches received NAS Level I, II, or III Inspections. Of those inspections:

  • 3.8 percent of drivers were placed out of service for driver-related violations;
  • 398 motorcoaches received NAS Level I Inspections; and
  • 10.1 percent of the NAS Level I Inspections were placed out of service for vehicle-related violations.

Roadside Inspections TrainingJ. J. Keller's Roadside Inspections Training helps prepare drivers for roadside inspections and helps them understand the consequences of a failed inspection.


J. J. Keller's FREE Transportation SafetyClicks™ email newsletter brings quick-read safety and compliance news right to your email box.

Sign up to receive Transportation SafetyClicks™.